12×20 Pergola Plans

This step by step diy project is about 12×20 pergola plans. I have designed this rectangular pergola, so you can brighten up the look of your backyard. Even if you are tight on space, this pergola will add enough flavor to make it unique. This pergola top has an area of 12’x20′. The base of the pergola has 10’x18′. This pergola features a minimalist but stylish design, so it can match the look of any property. Take a look over the rest of my woodworking plans, if you want to get more building inspiration.

When buying the lumber, you should select the planks with great care, making sure they are straight and without any visible flaws (cracks, knots, twists, decay). Investing in cedar or other weather resistant lumber is a good idea, as it will pay off on the long run. Use a spirit level to plumb and align the components, before inserting the galvanized screws, otherwise the project won’t have a symmetrical look. If you have all the materials and tools required for the project, you could get the job done in about a day. See all my Premium Plans HERE.



Projects made from these plans




12×20 Pergola – Free DIY Plans




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  • A – 6 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 11′ long POSTS
  • B – 4 piece of 2×8 lumber – 20′ long SUPPORT BEAMS
  • C – 16 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 12′ long SHADE ELEMENTS
  • D – 4 pieces of 1×2 lumber – 20′ long SLATS
  • E – 4 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 52′ long, 4 pieces – 46 1/4″ long BRACES

  • 6 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 12′
  • 4 pieces of 2×8 lumber – 20′
  • 16 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 12′
  • 4 pieces of 1×2 lumber  – 20′
  • 6 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 10′
  • 1 5/8″ screws
  • tube form
  • rafter ties
  • pergola hardware
  • 12 pieces of 9″ carriage bolt
  • 5 1/2″ screws
  • wood filler , wood glue, stain/paint
  • 6×6 post anchor  6 pieces
  • post to beam connector 12 pieces

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 Hammer, Tape measure, Framing square, Level

 Miter saw, Drill machinery, Screwdriver, Sander

 Safety Gloves, Safety Glasses

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 One day

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How to build a 12×20 pergola plans



The first step of the pergola project is to layout the posts. Use batter boards and string to layout the location of the posts. Apply the 3-4-5 rule to every corner and then measure the diagonals to make sure they are perfectly equal. You need to make adjustments until you get the desired result.



Dig the holes 3′ deep (or under the front line) and about 12-16″ in diameter. Compact a layer of gravel to the bottom of the holes and then fit the tube forms. Fit the posts, align them and plumb them with a spirit level. Fill the forms with concrete, while the posts are locked into place with temporarily braces. If you use anchors, you need to align and set them into concrete. Fit the posts after the concrete dries, using lag screw.

Smart tip: Read the local building codes, so you dig the holes at the appropriate depth.

Fitting the supports beams

Fitting the supports beams

Use 2×8 lumber for the support beams. Fit the support beams to the top of the posts. Use a spirit level to plumb the support beams and then clamp the beams into place tightly. Drill pilot holes through the beams and through the posts. Insert the 9″ carriage bolts and then tighten the nuts.



Use 2×6 lumber for the shade elements. Mark the cut lines and then get the job done with a saw. In addition, you need to make a few 1 1/2″ deep notches, so you can fit the shade elements to the support beams. Mark the cut lines on the beams and then use a circular saw to make parallel cuts. Use a chisel to remove the excess and then smooth the recess with sandpaper.



Fit the shade elements to the support beams. Place the shade elements equally spaced and then lock them into place with rafter ties. Alternatively, you could drill pilot holes through the shade elements (above the notches) and insert 5 1/2″ screws so you can lock them into place tightly.



Use 6×6 lumber for the braces. As you can easily see in the diagram, you need to cut both ends at 45 degrees, so you get a professional result.

Fitting the braces

Fitting the braces

Fit the braces to the pergola and make sure the corners are square. Drill pilot holes and insert 5 1/2″ screws to lock them into place tightly.

Fitting the slats

Fitting the slats

Fit the 1×2 slats to the top of the pergola. Place these slats equally spaced for a professional result. Center the slats to the rafters and then drill pilot holes, before inserting the 1 5/8″ screws.

10x20 pergola plans - Side view

10×20 pergola plans – Side view

Last but not least, you need to take care of the finishing touches. Therefore, fill the holes with wood putty and then smooth the surface with 120-220 grit sandpaper. You can also fit braces, if you live in a windy area. Apply a few coats of paint or stain over the components, to enhance the look of the pergola and to protect the components from decay.

10x20 pergola plans

10×20 pergola plans

This pergola provides plenty of space for setting several chairs, an outdoor sofa and an outdoor table. You can even cover the pergola of you want to obtain even more shade, especially during the hot summer days. Check out the rest of my pergola plans, as I have many designed and sizes you can choose from.



This woodworking project was about 12×20 pergola plans free. If you want to see more outdoor plans, check out the rest of our step by step projects and follow the instructions to obtain a professional result.


  1. Elliot Cavale

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